Science cognitive & formation PDF en Jeu, qu’est-ce que c’est? CREO produit et diffuse des outils de vulgarisation scientifique multiplateformes et innovants pour aider ses partenaires à parfaire leurs activités d’éducation.
Philosophically, ruminations of the human mind and its processes have been around since the times of the ancient Greeks. In 387 BCE, Plato is known to have suggested that the brain was the seat of the mental processes. With the philosophical debate continuing, the mid to late 19th century was a critical time in the development of psychology as a scientific discipline. From the 1920s to the 1950s, the main approach to psychology was behaviorism.
Initially, its adherents viewed mental events such as thoughts, ideas, attention, and consciousness as unobservables, hence outside the realm of a science of psychology. With the development of new warfare technology during WWII, the need for a greater understanding of human performance came to prominence. Problems such as how to best train soldiers to use new technology and how to deal with matters of attention while under duress became areas of need for military personnel. Developments in computer science would lead to parallels being drawn between human thought and the computational functionality of computers, opening entirely new areas of psychological thought. Noam Chomsky’s 1959 critique of behaviorism, and empiricism more generally, initiated what would come to be known as the « cognitive revolution ». Inside psychology, in criticism of behaviorism, J.