Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (1736-1783) PDF

Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (1736-1783) PDF

Self portrait by Franz Xaver Messerschmidt, Pressburg, c. 1780, alabaster – Bode-Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (1736-1783) PDF – DSC02941.


Novatrices, mystérieuses et fascinantes, les « têtes de caractère » de Franz Xaver Messerschmidt (1736-1783) ont suscité les réactions les plus diverses, et leur audace continue aujourd’hui de séduire. Exilé volontaire à Bratislava après une carrière d’artiste de cour et d’enseignant à l’Académie des beaux-arts de Vienne, Messerschmidt, l’un des artistes les plus accomplis de son temps en Europe centrale, y poursuivit avec ferveur une production de têtes sculptées, en métal ou en albâtre, aux physionomies grimaçantes manifestant l’expression d’un génie attentif à décrire les multiples aspects des tensions de l’âme, d’où leur nom de « têtes de caractère « . La personnalité de cet artiste rare a inspiré les commentaires les plus divers venus aussi bien d’historiens de l’art que de psychanalystes ou même d’historiens de son temps. En plein siècle des Lumières, ces faciès détonnent. Cet ouvrage, le premier en langue française consacré à Messerschmidt, fait le point sur un artiste talentueux, étrange et fascinant. Il accompagne l’exposition coproduite par la Neue Galerie de New York et le musée du Louvre.

German-Austrian sculptor most famous for his « character heads », a collection of busts with faces contorted in extreme facial expressions. Born February 6th 1736 in the southwestern town of Wiesensteig, located in the region of the Swabian Jura Germany. Messerschmidt grew up in the Munich home of his uncle, the sculptor Johann Baptist Straub, who became his first master. Character Study Strong Smell, circa 1770-1781 CE. From Austria, Pressburgh, now Slovakia, Bratislava.

The Baroque period of his oeuvre ended in 1769 with a bust of the court physician Gerard van Swieten, commissioned by the Empress. At the same time his first early Neo-Classic works appeared, made—characteristically—for the Academy. To these and later works he applied many experiences gained in 1765 during a study trip to Rome. Bitter, he left Vienna, moved to his native village, Wiesensteig, and from there in the same year, following an invitation, to Munich. Here he waited two years for a promised commission and for a permanent employment at the Court. Johann Adam worked as a sculptor.

In 1781, German author Friedrich Nicolai visited Messerschmidt at his studio in Pressburg and subsequently published a transcript of their conversation. Nicolai’s account of the meeting is a valuable resource, as it is the only contemporary document that details Messerschmidt’s reasoning behind the execution of his character heads. During the course of the discussion, Messerschmidt went on to explain his interest in necromancy and the arcane, and how this also inspired his character heads. Franz xaver messerschmidt, il satirico, testa caricaturata n. Michael Krapf, Almut Krapf-Weiler, Franz Xaver Messerschmidt, Hatje Cantz Publishers, ISBN 3-7757-1246-1, 2003. Maria Pötzl Malikova, Franz Xaver Messerschmidt, Jugend and Volk Publishing Company, 1982. Theodor Schmid, 49 Köpfe, Theodor Schmid Verlag, ISBN 3-906566-61-7, 2004.

Kandel,The Age of Insight: The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Art, Mind, and Brain, from Vienna 1900 to the Present, Random House Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1-4000-6871-5, 2012. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Franz Xaver Messerschmidt. Franz Anton Mesmer war das dritte von neun Kindern des Anton Mesmer, eines Försters beim Fürstbischof von Konstanz. 1759 zog Mesmer nach Wien, wo er zunächst Jura und dann Medizin studierte. Er wurde als Schüler des Hofarztes der Kaiserin Maria Theresia, Gerard van Swieten, akzeptiert.

Comments are closed.