For the Anti-Communism and McCarthyism in the United States (1946-1954) : essays on the politics and culture of the cold war PDF States of America, 1945 to 1964 was a time of high economic growth and general prosperity. Early in the period, an active foreign policy was pursued to help Western Europe and Asia recover from the devastation of World War II. The Marshall Plan helped Western Europe rebuild from wartime devastation. On the domestic front, after a short transition, the economy grew rapidly, with widespread prosperity, rising wages, and the movement of most of the remaining farmers to the towns and cities.
This period witnessed the rise of suburbs and a growing middle class. Communitarianism and measurable social capital was at its highest point during this time. Post-war territorial changes in Europe and the formation of the Eastern Bloc, the western border is the « Iron Curtain ». While Roosevelt was confident he could deal with Stalin after the war, Truman was much more suspicious.
The Soviet Union refused to allow its satellites to receive American aid. Instead, the Kremlin used local Communist parties, and the Red army, to control Eastern Europe in totalitarian fashion. By 1947, the Soviets had fully absorbed the three Baltic nations, and effectively controlled Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria. Austria and Finland were neutral and demilitarized. They had a permanent bitter break in 1948. There were fundamental contrasts between the visions of the United States and the Soviet Union, between capitalist democracy and totalitarian communism.